Obstetrics is a branch of medical science that deals with pregnancies, abortions etc.
There may be some problems associated to pregnancies. If the patient suffers from a certain disease you have to take it into consideration when you are going to mention the nursing interventions. There are also some aspects to consider such as:
-Partial placenta previa
-Complete placenta previa
-Full term pregnancy
¨ Give psychological support to the patient and her family.
¨ Weight and size the patient.
¨ Monitor the vital signs of the patient: Blood pressure, temperature, pulse and respirations.
¨ Check the fetal heart sounds as ordered.
¨ Assess vaginal bleeding.
¨ Encourage the patient for the vaginal examination.
¨ When the patient is in labor check if there are three contractions in a ten minute period every thirty minutes.
¨ During the course take the patient's investigations to the clinical laboratory on time and take them back to the ward.
¨ The patient must be in complete rest lying on her left side if required.
¨ Give sanitary education in relation with her course, labor, Caesarea if necessary, respiratory exercises at the moment of the contractions, diet, drug treatment, dentistry consultation, vitamins.
¨ Teach the patient the importance to breastfeed her baby and encourage her to do it the required time.
¨ Teach the patient to follow the adequate hygiene during the course, when the patient is in labor, and after the baby was born.
¨ Teach the patient the importance of early ambulation.
¨ Cure of the wound.
¨ Take the stitches out if the patient had caesarean section as ordered.