Inflammation of the vermiform appendix treated by a surgical removal of the vermiform appendix called Appendectomy.
¨ Give psychological support to the patient and his/her family.
¨ The patient must rest before the surgical procedure. Use sedatives if necessary.
¨ Monitor the vital signs of the patient: Blood pressure, temperature, pulse, and respirations.
¨ Weight and size the patient for the correct dose of anesthesia.
¨ Shave the patient carefully if necessary, to avoid lesions of the skin and excoriations.
¨ Put enemas if necessary.
¨ Put nasogastric tubes and vesical tubes.
¨ Pipe a vein.
¨ Hydrate the patient.
¨ Check the IV infusion.
¨ Put a blood infusion as ordered. Be careful with blood group and other important measures.
¨ Take the patient to the Surgical Unit.
¨ Put the patient in correct position.
¨ Monitor the vital signs of the patient: Blood pressure, temperature, pulse and respirations every two hours or as ordered.
¨ Open the nasogastric and vesical tubes to their corresponding containers.
¨ Measure diuresis.
¨ Check the color of the skin and mucosa.
¨ Observe if the patient is well oriented to time, place and person.
¨ Make systematic gas studies
¨ Change the position of the patient in bed to avoid respiratory tract complications and bedsores.
¨ Make the patient stand up and walk after drainages are taken off.
¨ Give the adequate psychological support to the patient. Try to get better his/her mood by means of TV, listening to music, reading a book, magazines, etc.
¨ Cure of the wound daily, following the asepsis and antiseptic required measures.
¨ Administer medications prescribed by the doctor on time.
¨ Observe the patient's reactions.
¨ Write the observation, the treatment, the control of the drainages, measurement of diuresis, aspirations, or any possible complication on the patient's chart.
¨ Give the patient the adequate diet.
¨ Explain the disease to the patient and his/her family and its possible complications
¨ Give sanitary education to the patient and his/her family in relation with his/her disease, surgical procedures, personal and environmental hygiene.
¨ After the patient is discharged, explain him/her the importance of the correct management, to be followed up periodically and to follow the corresponding diet.