The duodenal ulcer is a break or an erosion of the duodenal mucosa which generally results in gastrointestinal bleeding and pain. Treatment may be medical or surgical.
¨ Give psychological support to the patient and his/her family.
¨ Teach and provide the patient with the adequate diet, including milk.
¨ Administer medications prescribed by the doctor on time.
¨ Monitor vital signs of the patient: Blood pressure, temperature, pulse, and respirations.
¨ Pipe a vein and hydrate the patient as ordered.
¨ Start an IV infusion.
¨ Observe the possible signs and symptoms such as: abdominal pain, nauseas, vomits, abdominal bleeding, melena, and others and write them down on the patient's chart.
¨ Provide enviromental hygiene.
¨ Administer the correct diet with poor fat and rich in carbohydrates and vitamins.
¨ Teach the patient to avoid alcohol ingestion.
¨ Obtain history of use/abuse of substances known to predispone duodenal ulcer such as aspirin, aspirin-containing drugs, steroids, alcohol.
¨ Obtain diet history.
¨ Give sanitary education to the patient and his/her family in relation with his/her disease and adequate management.
¨ Try to calm the patient to avoid stress(It is a risk factor of duodenal ulcer).
¨ If the patient is alcoholic refer him/her to alcohol rehabilitation if indicated.